New York Citigroup Inc. today reported net income for the fourth quarter 2016 of $3.6 billion, or $1.14 per diluted share, on revenues of $17.0 billion. This compared to net income of $3.3 billion, or $1.02 per diluted share, on revenues of $18.5 billion for the fourth quarter 2015.
Fourth quarter 2015 included CVA/DVA5 of negative $181 million (negative $114 million after-tax). Excluding CVA/DVA, revenues decreased 9% from the prior year period, driven by the continued wind down of Citi Holdings, partially offset by a 6% increase in Citicorp revenues. Net income of $3.6 billion increased 4%, driven by a 25% increase in Citicorp net income. Earnings per share of $1.14 increased 8% from $1.06 per diluted share in the prior year period, driven by the growth in net income and a 5% reduction in average diluted shares outstanding.
Citi CEO Michael Corbat said, "We had a strong finish to 2016, bringing momentum into this year. We drove revenue growth in our businesses and demonstrated strong expense discipline across the firm. We achieved a full year Citicorp efficiency ratio of 58% as we had targeted, while again increasing our loans and deposits.
"This quarter marks the last time we will report the results of Citi Holdings separately. At its peak, Holdings had over $800 billion in assets, generating sometimes multi-billion dollar losses in a single quarter. Today, Holdings' $54 billion of assets are only 3% of Citigroup's balance sheet and, for the tenth quarter in a row, Holdings was profitable.
"Our core businesses are beginning to produce the returns our investors expect and deserve. In 2016, we returned nearly $11 billion in capital to our shareholders. Even with this capital return, we ended the year with a Common Equity Tier 1 Capital ratio of 12.5%, 40 basis points higher than when we started the year, showing the capability of this franchise to consistently generate and return significant amounts of capital," Mr. Corbat concluded.
Citigroup full year 2016 net income was $14.9 billion on revenues of $69.9 billion, compared to net income of $17.2 billion on revenues of $76.4 billion for the full year 2015. Full year 2015 results included CVA/DVA of $254 million ($162 million after-tax). Excluding CVA/DVA, Citigroup revenues decreased 8% and net income decreased 13% compared to the prior year. Citicorp revenues decreased 2% and net income decreased 11% compared to the prior year.
In the discussion throughout the remainder of this press release, Citigroup's results of operations in the prior year period are presented excluding CVA/DVA, as applicable, for consistency with the current period's presentation (see note 5 to this release). Percentage comparisons below are calculated for the fourth quarter 2016 versus the fourth quarter 2015, unless otherwise specified.
Citigroup's net income increased to $3.6 billion in the fourth quarter 2016, primarily driven by the lower operating expenses and cost of credit, partially offset by lower revenues. Citigroup's effective tax rate was 30% in the current quarter compared to 29% in the fourth quarter 2015.
Citigroup's operating expenses decreased 9% to $10.1 billion in the fourth quarter 2016. In constant dollars, operating expenses fell 6%, mainly driven by lower expenses in Citi Holdings largely due to divestitures.
Citigroup's cost of credit in the fourth quarter 2016 was $1.8 billion, a 29% decrease, driven by the absence of significant loan loss reserve builds related to energy exposures in Institutional Clients Group (ICG) as well as lower provision for benefits and claims and a decline in net credit losses.
Citigroup's allowance for loan losses was $12.1 billion at quarter end, or 1.94% of total loans, compared to $12.6 billion, or 2.06% of total loans, at the end of the prior year period. Total non-accrual assets grew 6% from the prior year period to $5.8 billion. Consumer non-accrual loans declined 14% to $3.2 billion. Corporate non-accrual loans increased 52% to $2.4 billion, primarily related to energy-related loans in ICG, but were unchanged from the prior quarter.
Citigroup's loans were $624 billion as of quarter end, up 1% from the prior year period, and 3% in constant dollars. In constant dollars, 6% growth in Citicorp loans was partially offset by continued declines in Citi Holdings, driven primarily by continued reductions in the North America mortgage portfolio.
Citigroup's deposits were $929 billion as of quarter end, up 2%, and up 4% in constant dollars. In constant dollars, Citicorp deposits increased 5%, driven by a 6% increase in ICG deposits and a 3% increase in Global Consumer Banking (GCB) deposits.
Citigroup's book value per share was $74.26 and tangible book value per share was $64.57, each as of year end 2016 and representing 7% increases over the prior year period. At year end, Citigroup's Common Equity Tier 1 Capital ratio was 12.5%, up from 12.1% in the prior year period, driven primarily by earnings and a reduction in risk-weighted assets, partially offset by capital return. Citigroup's Supplementary Leverage Ratio for the fourth quarter 2016 was 7.2%, up from 7.1% in the prior year period, driven by an increase in Tier 1 Capital which more than offset a slight increase in leverage exposure. During the fourth quarter 2016, Citigroup repurchased approximately 79 million common shares and returned a total of $4.7 billion to common shareholders in the form of common share repurchases and dividends. During the full year 2016, Citigroup repurchased approximately 196 million common shares and returned a total of $10.7 billion to common shareholders in the form of common share repurchases and dividends.
Citicorp net income increased to $3.5 billion, from $2.8 billion in the prior year period, primarily driven by the higher revenues as well as lower operating expenses and lower cost of credit.
Citicorp operating expenses decreased 2% to $9.5 billion, as investment spending was more than offset by efficiency savings, lower repositioning costs and a benefit from the impact of foreign exchange translation.
Citicorp cost of credit of $1.8 billion in the fourth quarter 2016 decreased 11% from the prior year period. This decrease was driven by lower loan loss reserve builds, in particular in ICG, partially offset by higher net credit losses in GCB. Citicorp's consumer loans 90+ days delinquent increased 8% to $2.3 billion, and the 90+ days delinquency ratio increased to 0.79% of loans, from 0.77% in the prior year period.
Citicorp end of period loans of $591 billion increased 4%. In constant dollars, Citicorp end of period loans grew 6%, with 4% growth in corporate loans to $299 billion and 8% growth in consumer loans to $292 billion.
GCB net income decreased 7% to $1.3 billion, as the higher revenues were more than offset by higher cost of credit. Operating expenses were largely flat at $4.4 billion, and increased 3% in constant dollars, driven by the addition of the Costco portfolio, volume growth and continued investments, partially offset by ongoing efficiency savings.
North America GCB revenues of $5.1 billion increased 5%, with higher revenues in Citi-branded cards and flat revenues in Citi retail services partially offset by a decline in retail banking. Citi-branded cards revenues of $2.2 billion increased 15%, reflecting the addition of the Costco portfolio as well as modest organic growth driven by higher volumes. Citi retail services revenues of $1.6 billion were largely flat, as growth in core portfolios was offset by the absence of revenue from portfolio exits and the continued impact of previously-disclosed partnership renewals. Retail banking revenues declined 4% to $1.3 billion, mostly reflecting lower mortgage revenues.
North America GCB net income was $844 million, down 15%, driven by an increase in cost of credit and higher operating expenses, partially offset by the higher revenues. Operating expenses increased 6% to $2.5 billion, primarily driven by the addition of the Costco portfolio, volume growth and continued marketing investments, partially offset by efficiency savings.
North America GCB cost of credit increased 43% to $1.2 billion. The net loan loss reserve build in the fourth quarter 2016 was $113 million, compared to a net loan loss reserve release of $63 million in the prior year period, mostly reflecting a reserve build in cards driven by the ongoing impact of the acquisition of the Costco portfolio and organic volume growth. Net credit losses of $1.1 billion increased 21%, driven by the Costco portfolio acquisition, volume growth and seasoning, and the impact of regulatory changes on collections in the cards businesses.
International GCB revenues decreased 3% to $2.9 billion. In constant dollars, revenues increased 5%. On such basis, revenues in Latin America GCB of $1.2 billion increased 8%, driven by growth in retail loans and deposits, partially offset by lower card revenues. Revenues in Asia GCB of $1.7 billion increased 4%, driven by growth in wealth management and cards revenues.
International GCB net income increased 14% to $421 million. In constant dollars, net income increased 36%, driven by the higher revenue, lower operating expenses and lower credit costs. Operating expenses decreased 6% on a reported basis and were 1% lower versus the prior year period in constant dollars. Credit costs decreased 11% on a reported basis and 1% in constant dollars. On such basis, the net loan loss reserve build was $45 million, compared to $24 million in the prior year period, net credit losses decreased 8% and the net credit loss rate was 1.55% of average loans, improved from 1.62% in the prior year period.
Banking revenues of $4.3 billion increased 1% (including gain / (loss) on loan hedges)7. Excluding gain / (loss) on loan hedges in Corporate Lending, Banking revenues of $4.4 billion increased 3%. Treasury and Trade Solutions (TTS) revenues of $2.1 billion increased 3%. In constant dollars, TTS revenues grew 6%, reflecting continued growth in transaction volumes. Investment Banking revenues of $1.1 billion were approximately unchanged versus the prior year period. Advisory revenues decreased 2% to $296 million, debt underwriting revenues increased 4% to $648 million, and equity underwriting fell 8% to $190 million, reflecting lower industry-wide underwriting activity during the current quarter. Private Bank revenues increased 6% to $731 million, driven by higher loan balances and higher spreads. Corporate Lending revenues of $462 million increased 7% (excluding gain / (loss) on loan hedges) reflecting the impact of loan sale activity in the prior year period.
Markets and Securities Services revenues of $4.1 billion increased 24%. Fixed Income Markets revenues of $3.0 billion in the fourth quarter 2016 increased 36%, reflecting increased client activity and improved trading conditions in spread products and rates and currencies. Equity Markets revenues of $694 million increased 15%, driven by improved performance, particularly in derivatives. Securities Services revenues of $533 million increased 3%, as increased client activity, higher deposit volumes and improved spreads more than offset the impact of divestitures.
ICG net income of $2.5 billion increased 80%, driven by the higher revenues, lower cost of credit and lower operating expenses. ICG operating expenses decreased 5% to $4.6 billion, driven by efficiency savings, lower repositioning costs and a benefit from foreign exchange translation. ICG cost of credit was $104 million, compared to $650 million in the prior year period. ICG cost of credit included net credit losses of $119 million ($96 million in the prior year period) and a net loan loss reserve release of $15 million (net loan loss reserve build of $554 million in the prior year period). The improvement in cost of credit largely reflected the absence of significant reserve builds for energy-related exposures as well as an improvement in macroeconomic conditions relative to the prior year period.
ICG average loans grew 3% to $303 billion while end of period deposits increased 4% to $610 billion. In constant dollars, average loans increased 4%, while end of period deposits increased 6%.
Citi Holdings net income was $87 million, compared to $667 million in the prior year period, reflecting the lower revenue, partially offset by lower operating expenses and lower cost of credit. Citi Holdings operating expenses declined 55% to $659 million, primarily driven by the ongoing decline in assets and lower legal and repositioning costs.
Citi Holdings cost of credit of negative $20 million compared to $467 million in the prior year period. Net credit losses declined 77% to $59 million, reflecting the impact of ongoing divestiture activity as well as continued improvement in the North America mortgage portfolio, and the provision for benefits and claims declined by $134 million to zero reflecting lower insurance-related assets. The net loan loss reserve release was $79 million, compared to a build of $72 million in the prior year period.
Citi Holdings allowance for credit losses was $1.3 billion at the end of the fourth quarter 2016, or 4.0% of loans, compared to $2.3 billion, or 4.7% of loans, in the prior year period. 90+ days delinquent consumer loans in Citi Holdings decreased 10% to $834 million, or 2.6% of loans.
Citigroup will host a conference call today at 11:00 a.m. (ET). A live webcast of the presentation, as well as financial results and presentation materials, will be available at http://www.citigroup.com/citi/investor. Dial-in numbers for the conference call are as follows: (866) 516-9582 in the U.S. and Canada; (973) 409-9210 outside of the U.S. and Canada. The conference code for both numbers is 31487788.
Citi, the leading global bank, has approximately 200 million customer accounts and does business in more than 160 countries and jurisdictions. Citi provides consumers, corporations, governments and institutions with a broad range of financial products and services, including consumer banking and credit, corporate and investment banking, securities brokerage, transaction services, and wealth management.
Additional information may be found at www.citigroup.com | Twitter: @Citi | YouTube: www.youtube.com/citi | Blog: http://blog.citigroup.com | Facebook: www.facebook.com/citi | LinkedIn: www.linkedin.com/company/citi
Additional financial, statistical, and business-related information, as well as business and segment trends, is included in a Quarterly Financial Data Supplement. Both this earnings release and Citigroup's Fourth Quarter 2016 Quarterly Financial Data Supplement are available on Citigroup's website at www.citigroup.com.
Certain statements in this release are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are based on management's current expectations and are subject to uncertainty and changes in circumstances. These statements are not guarantees of future results or occurrences. Actual results and capital and other financial condition may differ materially from those included in these statements due to a variety of factors, including the precautionary statements included in this release and those contained in Citigroup's filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, including without limitation the "Risk Factors" section of Citigroup's 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Any forward-looking statements made by or on behalf of Citigroup speak only as to the date they are made, and Citigroup does not undertake to update forward-looking statements to reflect the impact of circumstances or events that arise after the date the forward-looking statements were made.
1Excludes CVA/DVA in the fourth quarter of 2015. For more information, please refer to Appendix A and Footnote 5.
2Preliminary. Citigroup's Common Equity Tier 1 (CET1) Capital ratio, which reflects full implementation of the U.S. Basel III rules, is a non-GAAP financial measure. For the composition of Citigroup's CET1 Capital and ratio, see Appendix C.
3Preliminary. Citigroup's Supplementary Leverage Ratio (SLR), which reflects full implementation of the U.S. Basel III rules, is a non-GAAP financial measure. For the composition of Citigroup's SLR, see Appendix D.
4Preliminary. Citigroup's tangible book value per share is a non-GAAP financial measure. For a reconciliation of this measure to reported results, see Appendix E.
5Credit Valuation Adjustments (CVA) on derivatives (counterparty and own-credit), net of hedges; Funding Valuation Adjustments (FVA) on derivatives; and Debt Valuation Adjustments (DVA) on Citigroup's fair value option liabilities (collectively referred to as CVA/DVA). Effective January 1, 2016, Citigroup early adopted on a prospective basis the amendment in ASU No. 2016-01, Financial Instruments – Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, related to the presentation of DVA on fair value option liabilities. Accordingly, beginning in the first quarter 2016, the portion of the change in fair value of these liabilities related to changes in Citigroup's own credit spreads (DVA) are reflected as a component of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (AOCI); previously these amounts were recognized in Citigroup's revenues and net income. In this release, results for the fourth quarter 2015 and full year 2015 exclude the impact of CVA/DVA, as applicable, for consistency with the current period's presentation. Citigroup's results of operations excluding the impact of CVA/DVA in such prior period are non-GAAP financial measures. For a reconciliation of these measures to reported results, see Appendix A.
6Results of operations excluding the impact of foreign exchange translation (constant dollar basis) are non-GAAP financial measures. For a reconciliation of these measures to reported results, see Appendices A and B.
7Hedges on accrual loans reflect the mark-to-market on credit derivatives used to hedge the corporate accrual loan portfolio. The fixed premium cost of these hedges is included in (netted against) the core lending revenues. Results of operations excluding the impact of gain/(loss) on loan hedges are non-GAAP financial measures.