In November 2023, the UN will host the annual Conference of the Parties (COP28) in Dubai in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). As an ESG Team we have outlined our expectations for COP28 building on our discussions with investors with mandated sustainable investment strategies. We find that investors wish to stay invested in hard-to-abate sectors and use their role as active managers (in equity and fixed income assets, private and public markets) to accelerate the transition from brown to green. We also find that investors are looking deeper into supply chains to identify which companies are part of the solution to tackling biodiversity loss, deforestation, food security and water scarcity. We maintain our view that these issues are inextricably linked and deliver climate resilience and human security.